अप्रैल फुल – हिन्दुओ का मूर्खता दिवस.?

From last few years on every “April fool” day, I got this message.

अप्रैल फूल” किसी को कहने से पहले इसकी वास्तविक सत्यता जरुर जान ले.!!
पावन महीने की शुरुआत को मूर्खता दिवस कह रहे हो !!
पता भी है क्यों कहते है अप्रैल फूल (अप्रैल फुल का अर्थ है – हिन्दुओ का मूर्खता दिवस).??
ये नाम अंग्रेज ईसाईयों की देन है…
मुर्ख हिन्दू कैसे समझें “अप्रैल फूल” का मतलब बड़े दिनों से बिना सोचे समझे चल रहा है अप्रैल फूल, अप्रैल फूल ??? इसका  मतलब क्या है.?? दरअसल जब ईसाइयत अंग्रेजो द्वारा हमे 1 जनवरी का नववर्ष थोपा गया तो उस समय लोग विक्रमी संवत के  अनुसार 1 अप्रैल से अपना नया साल बनाते थे, जो आज भी सच्चे हिन्दुओ द्वारा मनाया जाता है, आज भी हमारे बही खाते और बैंक 31 मार्च को बंद होते है और 1 अप्रैल से शुरू होते है, पर उस समय जब भारत गुलाम था तो ईसाइयत ने विक्रमी संवत का  नाश करने के लिए साजिश करते हुए 1 अप्रैल को मूर्खता दिवस “अप्रैल फूल” का नाम दे दिया ताकि हमारी सभ्यता मूर्खता लगे अब आप ही सोचो अप्रैल फूल कहने वाले कितने सही हो आप.? यादरखो अप्रैल माह से जुड़े हुए इतिहासिक दिन और त्यौहार

1. हिन्दुओं का पावन महिना इस दिन से शुरू होता है (शुक्ल प्रतिपदा)
2. हिन्दुओ के रीति -रिवाज़ सब इस दिन के कलेण्डर के अनुसार बनाये जाते है।
6. आज का दिन दुनिया को दिशा देने वाला है। अंग्रेज ईसाई, हिन्दुओ के विरुध थे इसलिए हिन्दू के त्योहारों को मूर्खता का दिन कहते थे और आप हिन्दू भी बहुत शान से कह रहे हो.!! गुलाम मानसिकता का सुबूत ना दो अप्रैल फूल लिख के.!! अप्रैल फूल  सिर्फ भारतीय सनातन कलेण्डर, जिसको पूरा विश्व फॉलो करता था उसको भुलाने और मजाक उड़ाने के लिए बनाया गया था। 1582 में पोप ग्रेगोरी ने नया कलेण्डर अपनाने का फरमान जारी कर दिया जिसमें 1 जनवरी को नया साल का प्रथम दिन बनाया गया।
जिन लोगो ने इसको मानने से इंकार किया, उनको 1 अप्रैल को मजाक उड़ाना शुरू कर दिया और धीरे- धीरे 1 अप्रैल नया साल का नया दिन होने के बजाय मूर्ख दिवस बन गया।आज भारत के सभी लोग अपनी ही संस्कृति का मजाक उड़ाते हुए अप्रैल फूल डे मना रहे है।
जागो हिन्दुओ जागो।।
अपने धर्म को पहचानो।

Now let me tell you the that above message is totally hoax and does not have any relation with any religion. Also in Hindu calendar new year not always comes on 1st April.

This is what wikipedia says :

April Fools’ Day (sometimes called All Fools’ Day) is celebrated every year on April 1 by playing practical jokes and spreading hoaxes. The jokes and their victims are called April fools. People playing April Fool jokes expose their prank by shouting April Fool. Some newspapers, magazines, and other published media report fake stories, which are usually explained the next day or below the news section in small letters. Although popular since the 19th century, the day is not a public holiday in any country.

Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales (1392) contains the first recorded association between April 1 and foolishness.

 

In 1708 a correspondent wrote to the British Apollo magazine asking, “Whence proceeds the custom of making April Fools?” The question is one that many people are still asking today.

The puzzle that April Fool’s Day presents to cultural historians is that it was only during the eighteenth century that detailed references to it (and curiosity about it) began to appear. But at that time, the custom was already well established throughout northern Europe and was regarded as being of great antiquity. How had the tradition been adopted by so many different European cultures without provoking more comments in the written record?

References to April Fool’s Day can be found as early as the 1500s. However, these early references were infrequent and tended to be vague and ambiguous. Shakespeare, writing in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, made no mention of April Fool’s Day, despite being, as Charles Dickens Jr. put it, a writer who “delights in fools in general.”

Many theories have been put forward about how the tradition began. Unfortunately, none of them are very compelling. So the origin of the “custom of making April Fools” remains as much a mystery to us as it was back in 1708.

The Calendar-Change Theory

The most popular theory about the origin of April Fool’s Day involves the French calendar reform of the sixteenth century.

The theory goes like this: In 1564 France reformed its calendar, moving the start of the year from the end of March to January 1. Those who failed to keep up with the change, who stubbornly clung to the old calendar system and continued to celebrate the New Year during the week that fell between March 25th and April 1st, had jokes played on them. Pranksters would surreptitiously stick paper fish to their backs. The victims of this prank were thus called Poisson d’Avril, or April Fish — which, to this day, remains the French term for April Fools — and so the tradition was born.

The calendar-change hypothesis seems, on the surface, like a logical explanation for the origin of April Fools. However, the hypothesis becomes less plausible if we examine the history of calendar reform in more detail.

The Julian Calendar

The Julian Calendar, established by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, made January 1 the first day of the year. But as Christianity spread throughout Europe, efforts were made to christianize the calendar by moving New Year’s Day to dates of greater theological significance, such as Christmas or Easter. Some countries continued to use January 1, justifying this as the date of Christ’s circumcision. As a consequence, by the 1500s the European calendar system was a mess. Not only had errors in the Julian calendar caused the solar year to diverge from the calendar year, but also countries were beginning the year on different dates.

Most regions in France had been using Easter as the start of the year since at least the fourteenth century. This caused particular confusion since the date of Easter was tied to the lunar cycle and changed from one year to the next. Sometimes the same date would occur twice in a year.

However, the French used Easter as the start of the year primarily for legal and administrative purposes. January 1, following the Roman custom, was widely regarded as the traditional start of the year, and it was the day when people exchanged gifts.

Sixteenth-Century Reform

The practice of starting the year on Easter Day caused enormous practical inconvenience, so around 1500 many people in France began to use January 1 as the start of the calendar year. For instance, in early sixteenth-century French books, it is common to see both forms of dating listed side-by-side (for titles published in January, February, or March). By the mid-sixteenth century, a calendar system beginning on January 1 was in wide use in France.

In 1563 King Charles IX decreed January 1 to be the first day of the year, thus aligning legal convention with what had become the popular practice. His edict was passed into law by the French Parliament on Dec. 22, 1564.

Eighteen years later, in 1582, Pope Gregory issued a papal bull decreeing sweeping calendar reform. The Gregorian reform included moving the start of the year to January 1, as well as creating a leap-year system and eliminating ten days from the month of October 1582 in order to correct the drift of the calendar. The Pope had no formal power to make governments accept this reform, but he urged Christian nations to do so. France immediately accepted the reform, although it had already changed the start of the year in 1564. (Many histories of April Fool’s Day mistakenly suggest that France only moved the start of the year in 1582 when it accepted the Gregorian calendar reform in its entirety.)

Commission for the Reform of the Calendar (Pope Gregory XIII Presiding), Biccherna Tablet, 1582.

With this history in mind, it becomes clear that the calendar-change hypothesis is a problematic explanation for the origin of April Fool’s Day. The switch to January 1 did not occur suddenly in France. It was a gradual process, spanning an entire century. And even before the switch, the French New Year had no obvious connection to April 1st.

British Calendar Change

The calendar-change hypothesis is more plausible if applied to Britain, because it was the British, not the French, who observed New Year’s Day on March 25 (the date of the christian Feast of Annunciation), followed by a week of festivities culminating on April 1. In fact, the earliest version of the calendar-change hypothesis to be found in print, dating from 1766, does place the argument in a British context. A correspondent to the Gentleman’s Magazine in April 1766 wrote:

The strange custom prevalent throughout this kingdom, of people making fools of one another upon the first of April, arose from the year formerly beginning, as to some purpose, and in some respects, on the twenty-fifth of March, which was supposed to be the incarnation of our Lord; it being customary with the Romans, as well as with us, to hold a festival, attended by an octave, at the commencement of the new year — which festival lasted for eight days, whereof the first and last were the principal; therefore the first of April is the octave of the twenty-fifth of March, and, consequently, the close or ending of the feast, which was both the festival of the Annunciation and the beginning of the new year.

Britain only changed the start of its calendar year to January 1 in 1752. By this time April Fool’s Day was already a well-established tradition. So confusion about the calendar change could not have been responsible for the origin of the custom in Britain. But it is possible, as the correspondent to Gentleman’s Magazine speculated, that the festival held on April 1 (the “octave” of the March 25th calendar year change) evolved into April Fool’s Day. However, this is pure speculation, undermined by the lack of any other compelling evidence that the custom originated in Britain. The earliest unambiguous references to April Fool’s Day actually come from continental Europe, suggesting it is there that April Fool’s Day began.

(from hoaxes.org)

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